October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, which is a national campaign to increase awareness of the disease, encourage women to get their annual mammogram and to offer support to the over three million breast cancer survivors in the United States.
Breast cancer can develop in women of every age, race and ethnic group. According to the American Cancer Society, more than 268,600 women will be diagnosed with invasive breast cancer this year and approximately 40,000 women will die. Breast cancer in men is not as common, but it does happen, affecting about 2,000 American men each year. The good news is the death rate due to breast cancer has decreased significantly thanks to early detection.
HSHS St. Anthony’s Memorial Hospital, which maintains a Commission on Cancer (CoC) accreditation, a quality program of the American College of Surgeons (ACS), encourages women to take charge of their breast health by following these important breast cancer prevention tips below:
- Self-check. Starting at age 20, women should do a monthly self-breast exam.
- See your physician regularly. Women ages 20-40 should have a breast exam by a physician or nurse practitioner every three years, and annually thereafter. If you are high risk because of family or personal history, then you should see a physician every six months starting at age 25.
- Understand your risk factors. Risk factors include having a family or personal history of breast cancer, having a menstrual period before age 12, being post-menopause, being overweight, or having excess fat around your waist, drinking alcohol every day, not having children, or your first child after age 30, and taking hormone replacement therapy. The more risk factors an individual has, the greater the risk.
- Get a mammogram. Mammograms should be done every one to two years for women age 40 or older and begin at age 30 if you are at high risk.
- Know your family history. Women who have a first-degree relative or other close relatives who have had breast cancer may be at increased risk of developing these cancers. When determining your risk due to family history, it is important to look at the number of women and/or men in your family who have been diagnosed and the age at which they were diagnosed. Talk to your physician about your family history and discuss what you should be doing for prevention and screening.
- Breastfeed. Women who breastfeed their babies for at least a year in total have a reduced risk of developing breast cancer later in life.
- Develop healthy habits. Eat low-fat foods and lots of fruits and vegetables. Stay close to the weight your doctor says is right for you and exercise regularly. Increased physical activity, even when begun later in life, reduces overall breast-cancer risk by about 10 percent to 30 percent. Limit alcohol intake to no more than one drink a day and refrain from tobacco use.
“During National Breast Cancer Awareness month, and all year long, women should remember that early detection is your best defense,” said Kimberly Ramos, nurse navigator at HSHS St. Anthony’s Women’s Wellness Center. “Perform your breast self-exam at the same time each month and know your body; know what is normal for you, and always talk to your physician if you feel an abnormality.”
While the most common symptom of breast cancer is a new lump or mass, additional symptoms of breast cancer can include:
- Swelling of all or part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)
- Skin irritation or dimpling (sometimes looking like an orange peel)
- Breast or nipple pain
- Nipple retraction (turning inward)
- Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
- Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)
Although any of these symptoms can be caused by things other than breast cancer, all should be reported to a health care professional so that the cause can be found.
St. Anthony’s offers advanced 3D mammography at two locations for easy access and scheduling. Locations in Effingham include the Women’s Wellness Center in HSHS St. Anthony’s Health Center at 900 West Temple Avenue, Building B and within the Effingham Obstetrics & Gynecology Associates office at 912 North Henrietta Street.
The public is reminded that Illinois legislation passed Senate Bill 466 into law in 2016, which requires that all insurance plans throughout the state cover 3D mammography. If a person’s individual insurance plans states differently, patients are encouraged to contact their plan administrator.
To schedule an annual screening mammogram at either location, call St. Anthony’s Women’s Wellness Center at 217-347-1601. You can also visit stanthonys3dmammography.org to request a representative contact you to schedule your mammography appointment. A physician’s order is not required for screening mammograms.
Article from HSHS St. Anthony’s Memorial Hospital